Of course, there are other words that could have been crossed out, but these are the ones I hear most often when working with students and teachers.
There is nothing wrong with studying, but what does studying harder look like? I ask this often and get the same blank stares. Few people can answer that question well. Normally what people mean is that there needs to be a better way to prepare for school. They see their body of work and desire better, but they cannot translate that desire into a better approach. They struggle to make improvements to their process.
What they want is a smarter way to study, not a harder way to do it.
Play is used intentionally. Play time is, often, too structured. There are too many rules. Rules do not guarantee better outcomes. Smarter play requires too much direction, evaluation, and boundaries. What we need is more time to play freely, explore, and use our imagination.
Give the child a box, a ball, etc. and walk away to watch the magic.
Play should be messy at times. It should work up a sweat. Play should be done with more gusto. Of all the things a child needs to do hard, play is at or near the top of the list.
Make time for both play and study and when it is time to do both, do them with the appropriate goal in mind.